US Environment Protection Agency finalizing first-ever airplane emissions rules – environment

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced on Monday that it would finalize the first proposed standard to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from airplanes.

The EPA says new requirements for aircraft used in commercial aviation and large business jets will bring the United States to international standards.

In 2016, the United Nations International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) agreed on global aircraft emission standards for small and large aircraft manufacturers, including Airbus SE and Boeing Co, backing the standard.

Boeing said in a statement Monday that “final rules are essential to protecting the environment and supporting the sustainable growth of commercial aviation and the US economy.”

Critics say the agency should have called for stricter emission regulations.

Annie Petssonk, international advisor to the Environmental Defense Fund, said in a statement that the EPA’s “doing nothing rule is completely inappropriate in light of the climate crisis. It is the responsibility of the next Biden-Harris administration to move quickly to strengthen this standard.”

The EPA stated that the requirements proposed in July will apply to aircraft in design and production of new types starting in January 2020, or aircraft with a modified type certificate starting in 2028.

The EPA said on Monday that it expects almost all affected aircraft to comply by the effective date. EPA said that “non-compliant aircraft will be modified and recertified as compliant, or will cease production or request an exemption prior to the production compliance date of January 1, 2028.”

As a result, “EPA does not anticipate the emission reductions associated with these GHG (greenhouse gas) regulations.” It also does not anticipate the rule that “the manufacturer will cause technical improvements in the aircraft that would not have occurred”.

In October, a group of 11 states led by the District of California and Columbia urged EPA to strengthen its initial standards.

Eleven states and the District of Columbia said the EPA proposal “will delay existing technology by more than 10 years and will not result in any greenhouse gas reductions compared to normal.”

Aircraft subject to the proposed rules accounted for 10{74ca91e3bee52d91843c282edd75c0800a88a3d8744a3a1c83b7ba867058fc3c} of all US traffic greenhouse gas emissions and 3{74ca91e3bee52d91843c282edd75c0800a88a3d8744a3a1c83b7ba867058fc3c} of total US emissions. They were the largest source of non-rule transport greenhouse gas emissions. The new rules do not apply to military airplanes and will apply when they are officially announced in the future.

Andrew Wheeler, EPA manager, said in July that the proposal was “based on where the technology is today. You can’t really set standards that cannot be met.”

The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration said it is expected to release regulations next year that incorporate EPA’s emission standards for emissions. This includes testing requirements and waiver procedures to be applied when certifying new aircraft.